Furthermore, any slave currently in the state would remain a slave, though their children would become free upon reaching adulthood. The amendment would remove the portion of the Revenue Article of the Illinois Constitution that is sometimes referred to as the “flat tax,” that requires all … Article XIV, Section 3 of the Illinois Constitution: A Limited Initiative to Amend the Article on the Legislature Ann M. Lousin* Article XIV, s. ection 3 of the Illinois Constitution allows a limited initiative procedure to propose amendments to Article IV — The Legislature — of the Illinois Constitution. Article 10, Education, establishes the goal of free schooling through secondary education and creates a state board of education. VOTING DISQUALIFICATIONS A person convicted of a felony, or otherwise under sentence in a correctional institution or jail, shall lose the right to vote, which right shall be restored not later than upon completion of his sentence. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[243.264 230.364 401.448 242.376]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> [5], In 1862 a constitutional convention was held, but the changes known as the "Copperhead constitution" were not ratified by the voters. The document is still referred to as the "Constitution of Illinois of 1970" even though there have been amendments to it after 1970. (3) a petition initiative may propose amendments limited to structural and procedural subjects contained in the Legislative Article. That means every taxpayer pays the same percentage of net income. Illinois Constitution Article XI Section 3. Frank Cicero Jr. examines the three Illinois constitutions created between 1818 and 1870. <<4225EA23F3A6B2110A00C0B574BAFD7F>]/Prev 494986>> Illinois became a state on December 3, 1818. Article VI determines that the US Constitution, and all laws made from it are the ‘supreme Law of the Land’, and all officials, whether members of the state legislatures, Congress, judiciary or the Executive have to swear an oath to the Constitution. Article 1 is a bill of rights and contains similar provisions as the United States Bill of Rights, such as freedom of religion, freedom of speech and freedom of assembly. Section 3 of Article 3 of the Constitution only talks about treason. (article 9 – Revenue) H��SMKA��ȱ���H��Jo�����UWjl����]q��=-yyo�^ҙ��6��. The newest Illinois Constitution — drawn up at the Constitutional Convention of 1970 — requires a flat-rate structure for income taxes. X&�=���]9���%�� The current version of the Illinois Constitution was ratified by special election on December 15, 1970,[3] and went into effect on July 1, 1971. The Illinois Constitution of 1970 is the basic governing law of Illinois and provides the framework for state and local government. N�[=ߝs�z�$��3_�@T~^W��L�WJ+�f֬y=�-�z�w���V�6��J��ϳ*Y���͒/vי�Adc6,�ս�]Zw����_��|��›E��Ư�қ'���{9Lj!vŷ����i�3Cr!�lG Three votes were held on the matter over the remainder of the convention. endobj Known as the Bill of Rights in the Illinois Constitution. Constitution study Guide. <> [4] However, some provisions, such as the change in the dates for the election of constitutional officers, did not take effect for several years. ParT Two: The u.s. ConsTiTuTion u.s. Constitution outline PREAMBLE ARTICLE I Legislative Branch – Its function is to make the laws.. Section.1. (D��V��^B��d�|��Q�--`Zaf��HJ�h�OxY�q^�}������1>}��F�Nk����.S !��f�f�n��8����q�9������\Phǭ��k� �3 �e�)7��}�&�?�]M��)z3�D���#��k:`�����`#�JM�kVҽ�3B On the November General election ballot, there is a proposed constitutional amendment (below). [11], We, the People of the State of Illinois—grateful to Almighty God for the civil, political and religious liberty which He has permitted us to enjoy and seeking His blessing upon our endeavors—in order to provide for the health, safety and welfare of the people; maintain a representative and orderly government; eliminate poverty and inequality; assure legal, social and economic justice; provide opportunity for the fullest development of the individual; insure domestic tranquility; provide for the common defense; and secure the blessings of freedom and liberty to ourselves and our posterity—do ordain and establish this Constitution for the State of Illinois.[12]. 1970. 2.) xref Article Text | Annotations. Illinois’ pension system is a mess, in part because the constitution did not mandate equal funding for equal payouts. Article 12, Militia, sets rules for the state militia: "The State militia consists of all able-bodied persons residing in the State except those exempted by law." Recommended Citation. SECTION 3. ratifying an amendment to the Illinois Constitution. Article 2, Powers of the State, describes the division of powers into executive, legislative and judicial branches. Michael Morrisroe, Expanding Application of the Special Legislation Clause of the Illinois Constitution, 3 J. Marshall J. of Prac. Number of times the Illinois Constitution was rewritten. Learn More. Article 13, General provisions, establishes rules for persons holding public office. <>stream 0000022436 00000 n Hailey_Kmetty. related portals: Constitutional documents, Illinois. 0000006329 00000 n #8����JDg�׸��T4�K����}Lԓ����}�|��o�,��\ �p� � !�:"��M���W(e��9� LIMITATIONS ON INCOME TAXATION (a) A tax on or measured by income shall be at a non-graduated rate. Constitution of the State of Illinois ARTICLE VIII FINANCE SECTION 1. 128 0 obj The sites considered for the capital included Kaskaskia, Covington, Pope's Bluff, Hill's Ferry, and Vandalia. [2] Important features of the fourth Illinois Constitution include the creation of home rule powers for larger municipalities and other units of local government. 0000000016 00000 n Spell. ; sister projects: Wikipedia article, Wikidata item. By Ann Lousin, Published on 01/01/17. The 1818 Illinois Constitution created three branches of government, just like the U.S. Constitution--legislative, executive, and judicial. [Constitution] User Queries. When statehood for Illinois was approved on April 18, 1818, the U.S. Congress approved the formation of a state constitution. 0000031349 00000 n PREAMBLE []. Let's take a look at how it became a state, and the history of its constitution. Rather, the Illinois Supreme Court says that the constitution-writers intentionally gave pensions an elevated level of protection beyond what the U.S. Constitution requires via this clause. (Source: Illinois Constitution.) Rule 382 - Original Actions in the Supreme Court Pursuant to Article IV, Section 3, and Article V, Section 6(d), of the Constitution (a) Institution of proceedings. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[145.74 211.794 345.756 223.806]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> There have been four Illinois Constitutions; the fourth and current version was adopted in 1970. Madison, St. Clair, and Gallatin counties were allocated three delegates each, while all other counties were allocated two delegates each. This book, Understanding the Illinois Constitution, has been The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted. 0000002846 00000 n The Illinois Constitution, unlike the United States Constitution, specifically recognizes the right to be secure against governmental invasions of privacy. [9] In 2008, there was an effort by citizens to support a convention. This . 122 0 obj �� {�*��Lp*p.`�`�T��`�R��q���I�q C7�Z�\9 , =HY,�������J ]�����h@� `�� 119 0 obj U. 14. More about Article III. Match. endobj Ann M. Lousin, Article XIV, Section 3 of the Illinois Constitution: A Limited Initiative to Amend the Article on the Legislature, 48 Loy. Article 5, the Executive, describes rules for the six state elected members, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Comptroller, and Treasurer. Pension benefits and contributions for existing teachers and government employees are guaranteed by Article XIII, Section 5 of the Illinois Constitution, known as the “Pension … The change to the constitution would allow a graduated income tax, in which high earners would be taxed at a higher rate. It afforded equal protection of the laws — prohibitions on rules that arbitrarily discriminate — as well as due process of law. Illinois is mandated by its constitution to tax income at a flat rate, but an amendment on the Nov. 3 ballot seeks to get rid of that mandate. (a) A tax on or measured by income shall be at a non-graduated rate. Article III - U.S. Constitution « Previous . A. rticle describes the Preamble . �Z$�kOu/��T��\%�P���c Ԋ(HS������e�c -�v`1p�s�v�S`�`>���x�� C�����^6�=���>��8p^�����h���=�A�1"�KAO�s�%f�� The 1970 Constitution of Illinois has a preamble and 14 articles. The Judicial branch is the court system that interprets the law. Year the current Illinois Constitution was written. Section 1 divides the assembly into two bodies, the Illinois Senate with 59 legislative districts, and the Illinois House of Representatives, with 118 representative districts. endobj However, John Reynolds later noted that the meeting was largely peaceful although there were questions about how to handle slavery. U. Chi. Section 1. Article II. Try out our Premium Member services: Virtual Legal Assistant, Query Alert Service and an ad-free experience. %PDF-1.7 %���� The amendment would remove the portion of the Revenue Article of the Illinois Constitution that is sometimes referred to as the "flat tax," that requires all taxes on income to be at the same rate. 151 0 obj Ann M. Lousin, Article XIV, Section 3 of the Illinois Constitution: A Limited Initiative to Amend the Article on the Legislature, 48 Loy. Robert Blackwell and Elijah C. Berry of the Illinois Intelligencer were given the responsibility of printing the document. 0000021720 00000 n boundary. Created by. The Constitution of the State of Illinois is the governing document of the state of Illinois. Article 7, Local Government, provides rules for county, township, and city governments and provides them with a limited ability to pass ordinances. Cicero emphasizes slavery, African American living conditions, and other key issues. 0000006735 00000 n 119 33 h�b```b``1e`��@(�������H"��7�X��c,��b�Nl&�*6-�4G��7�(���Β�,�8o���2j�8o�43� 4r����$﷜wIj��9F�8�,z��4Wi݊��N��+vUn�gv�a[����_��,����|��f��]�� <>stream Article XIV, section 3 of the Illinois Constitution allows a limited initiative procedure to propose amendments to Article IV—The Legislature—of the Illinois Constitution. The people of Illinois must approve any changes to the Constitution before they become effective. This book, Understanding the Illinois Constitution, has been written to provide a concise resource for study Two votes were held on the seat of government, and two votes were held on the question of suffrage. 127 0 obj 1787. endobj This Article deals with Elections and Suffrage-covers voters qualifications and rules regarding elections in the state such as creating a … 0. Article 3 of the Constitution. From the 13th through the 15th, the constitution was read aloud and minor changes were made. It also set up the boundaries for the State and named Kaskaskia as the capital. Illinois Family Institute Position: Vote NO. 0000005461 00000 n Who is Illinois named after? The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Illinois Constitution.). endobj No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open court. The amendment would add Section 11 to Article IX of the Illinois Constitution. Ultimately, the measure was also defeated by a wide margin,[10] 1,493,203 votes for and 3,062,724 against from a total of 5,539,172 votes cast. Article 4 of the Constitution 0000028397 00000 n 121 0 obj The convention met again on the 6th and approved the draft submitted by the committee. Section 14 describes impeachment rules under which Governor Blagojevich was impeached in the House and removed from office after a trial in the Senate.[13]. At any one time there may be no more than one such tax imposed by the State for State purposes on individuals and one such tax so imposed on corporations. � n�- In order to prove that someone committed treason, there must be at least two different witnesses to the act, or the person must confess to treason. Section 1 describes rules for constitutional conventions. Article VII – Ratification. 0000001718 00000 n It also set up the boundaries for the State and named Kaskaskia as the capital. 0000005038 00000 n What branch is the only branch that can tax you? Illinois Constitution 14 Articles. 0000002595 00000 n Article 9 explains how the state can collect money from the people through taxes on property, income and sales. 0000002347 00000 n Constitutional Initiative for Legislative Article Amendments to Article IV of this Constitution may be proposed by a petition signed by a number of electors equal in number to at least eight percent of the total votes cast for candidates for Governor in the preceding gubernatorial election. The Powers of the State-establishes the three branches of government and checks and balances. 0000033032 00000 n All students in the state are required to have knowledge of the Illinois Constitution. H�|SKr�0�s 0000002107 00000 n endobj It afforded equal protection of the laws — prohibitions on rules that arbitrarily discriminate — as well as due process of law. Constitution of the State of Illinois. SECTION 4. Section 7 provides procedures to recall the governor. 125 0 obj Write. 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