The Safavid Empire lasted until 1736. The Safavid Empire received a blow that was to prove fatal in 1524, when the Ottoman sultan Selim I defeated the Safavid forces at Chaldiran and occupied the Safavid capital, Tabriz. The war began after a Persian army, while the Mughals were at war with the Janid Uzbeks, captured the fortress city of Kandahar and other strategic cities that controlled the region.The Mughals attempted unsuccessfully to regain the city. Safavid slave soldiers (usually indicated as golams) are fully part of this political and military tradition. Safavid military organization inevitably resembled that of the Aqquyunlu and Timurids. The first European Power to appear in the Persian Gulf were the Portuguese. Origins. The Safavid dynasty had its origins in a long established Sufi order, called the Safaviyeh, which had flourished in Azarbaijan since the early fourteenth century. In 1514, the Safavid were not very technologically advanced. References: Wiki entry on Safavid Dynasty; Shapour Ghassemi, History of Iran: Safavid Empire, 1502-1736 Naval History 1506-1722 - Safavid Dynasty . Safavid history is rife with clashes and wars between the Shi'a Muslim Safavid Persians and the Sunni Ottoman Turks. Although the Safavids are of Iranian origin, they claimed they were descended from the prophet Muhammad. One empire in particular being the Ottoman empire. The Mughal–Safavid War of 1649–1653 was fought between the Mughal and Safavid empires in the territory of modern Afghanistan. With the overthrow of Shah Soltan Hosein (r. 1694 - 1722) by Mir Mahmud Hotaki, an Afghan warrior, in 1722 the Safavid Empire had come to a close. In These military tactics, however, had been out dated and made obsolete by the new tactics and strategies of the surrounding empires. The army itself ceased to be reliable and began to loot and plunder the empire's inhabitants. Early on, the Safavids were at a disadvantage to the better-armed Ottomans, but they soon closed the arms gap. The Safavid Empire The Safavid Empire Conquest and ongoing cultural interaction also fueled the development of another empire known as the Safavids. The Safavids were named after their founder Safi al-Din, who died in 1334. Many were attracted by the brotherhood's … It became a military group as well as a religious one in the 15th century. The Safavid army had two main components before the time of Shah Abbas, the confederate uymaqs and the qurchis. The qurchis were the Safavid war band but … The greatest Safavid ruler was Shah Abbas I (r. 1587 - 1629), who modernized the Persian military, adding musketeers and artillery-men; moved the capital city deeper into the Persian heartland; and established a policy of tolerance towards Christians in the empire. They relied mainly on the technology and tactics that the Persian emperors before them had left. 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