HIMALAYAN BLACKBERRY Rubus procerus* Rose Family . Himalayan blackberry is an erect, spreading, or trailing evergreen shrub that can get very large and grows in dense, impenetrable thickets. Rubus is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae, subfamily Rosoideae, with 250–700 species.. Raspberries, blackberries, and dewberries are common, widely distributed members of the genus. R. armeniacus is a perennial woody shrub in which individual canes can reach 6-12 m horizontally and 3 m vertically. Submit a Comment Cancel reply. Canes can grow up to 10 feet tall with trailing canes reaching up to 40 feet in length. Himalayan blackberry spreads over other plants or buildings and can form dense, thorny thickets. Burning them only deals with what’s above ground; they’ll come back. Himalayan Blackberry and Evergreen Blackberry Identification and Information "). Himalayan blackberry (Rubus armeniacus) is also an invasive blackberry. Foliage The leaves of the prima cane (first year shoots) are 2.8-7.9 in. We can provide advice on how to control blackberry, but there is generally no requirement to do so, unless the city or homeowners association requires it. Stems grow to 15 ft. (4.6 m) before arching and trail the ground for up to 40 ft. (12.2 m). Blackberry rust may look similar on the upper surface of a leaf but has yellowish pustules in the same location on the underside of that leaf. Young canes arch as they grow longer, eventually reaching the ground and rooting at the nodes. The canes of Himalayan blackberry can reach lengths of 40 feet and are typically green to deep red in color. blackberry (Rubus laciniatus) has deeply incised leaflets. Most of these plants have woody stems with prickles like roses; spines, bristles, and gland-tipped hairs are also common in the genus. Required fields are marked * Comment. The flower stalks are woolly and prickly. Himalayan blackberry can be distinguished by its smaller flowers ( 2-3 cm across ), erect and archy stems, and its 3-5 oval leaflets with whitew hairs. Canes can grow up to 10 feet tall with trailing canes reaching up to 40 feet in length. N.p., n.d. It has stout, heavily armed but not hairy stems that grow up to 20 feet, tip roots like wineberry does, and produced large, sweet, dark-purple to black solid-cored fruit. , 2012. himalayan blackberry. Himalayan Blackberry, Rubus armeniacus. The photographer's identification Rubus armeniacus has not been reviewed. Categories. Pacific blackberry is common throughout California up to about 4900 feet (1500 m), except deserts and the Great Basin. Leaves are compound (usually 5 leaflets), with oval leaflets, 1½ to 3 inches long. Cultural control. It is a rambling bush with thorned canes that grow into 10ft tall in dense mounds. Common names: Himalayan blackberry. -toothed Himalayan blackberry leaves are green above and paler grayish-green below. Physiological Responses of Himalayan Blackberry (rubus Armeniacus Focke) to Flooding and Implications for Wetland Restoration in the Pacific Northwest. Korean Blackberry, Rubus coreanus. have tasty fruit, but the rapid growth makes this fruit invasive in many climates. It also lacks prickly stems and has a simple leaf with no leaflets. Canes can grow up to 10 feet tall with trailing canes reaching up to 40 feet in length. It has small, white/ pink-colored flowers that may be found on the plant. Flowers: Blackberry flowers are white to pinkish, and consist of 5 stalked petals.They are approximately 2.5cm in diameter, and flowers are arranged in clusters of 5 to 20. The disease has not been a problem in AY-producing fields if canes are trained to the trellis as they grow. Range: Armenia and northern Iran, naturalized and invasive elsewhere. Blackberries (Rubus spp.) Mature plants can reach 15 feet in height. Why control Himalayan and Evergreen Blackberries? The leaflets occur in groups of three or five and each resembles a large rose leaf. How to Identify Blackberry Plants. Rubus armeniacus is an arching woody shrub. Note: Himalayan blackberry is a variable species with several cultivars, thus making identification difficult. Flavor: Similar to common blackberry, but larger and sweeter . 23 Feb. 2015. Internet resource. A single fast-growing Himalayan blackberry shrub will first appear as an individual creasing in size to form an impenetrable thicket. Hardy to USDA Zone 6 Native to much western Europe, and apparently there is no evidence that it is native of the Himalayan region. What’s more, Himalayan blackberry isn’t the only invasive blackberry growing in our area — though it is the most common. (0.9-2.4 cm) long and are palmately compound with 5 leaflets. Young canes arch as they grow longer, eventually reaching the ground and rooting at … Himalayan blackberry canes are, of course, covered in sharp thorns (the plant is in the rose family). It closely resembles the more widespread invasive blackberry species Himalayan blackberry (Rubus armeniacus), except for the cut-leaf shape. Himalayan blackberry is known to take over entire stream channels and ditch banks shading out nearly all other vegetation. Of the four weedy wild blackberries, thimbleberry is the only nonvining species. IDENTIFICATION Himalayan blackberry can be easily confused with native trailing blackberry (Rubus ursinus) and invasive cut-leaf blackberry (Rubus laciniatus). Rubus armeniacus occurs in California in the coast ranges, Central Valley, and Sierra Nevada. Himalayan blackberry is a tall semi-woody shrub, characterized by thorny stems and dark edible fruits. In California, Himalayan blackberry is the most common blackberry picked and eaten by humans. To identify this species, it can generally grow up to 15 feet tall and 40 feet long. Printer-Friendly PDF Rubus laciniatus/R. By 1945 it had natural-ized along the West Coast. The name blackberry is used to describe several species, including Rubus fruticosis (wild blackberry), Rubus ursinus and Rubus argutus, two species native to North America.Blackberries have three stem types: erect, arching, and trailing. Gallery: Common names: Himalayan Blackberry, Armenian Blackberry Scientific Name: Rubus armeniacus (syns. Leaves are toothed and typically compounded with five leaflets but atypically or on fruiting branches can be tri- or unifoliate. Asian Blackberry Species . Why control Himalayan and evergreen blackberries? IDENTIFICATION. Alternate-year (AY) fruiting program. Evergreen blackberry leaves are deeply incised, jagged-toothed and green on both upper and lower leaf surfaces. Mature plants can reach 15 feet in … Rubus bifrons, Rubus discolor, Rubus procerus) Description: Himalayan Blackberry is a tall semi-woody shrub, characterized by thorny stems and edible fruits. Blackcap ( Rubus leucodermis ) a less common native, can be distinguished by its paler green-blue erect stems, purple fruits, and leaves that have fine white hairs underneath. Himalayan blackberry (HBB) is a native of Western Europe. At Home … Evergreen blackberry is a European species introduced for fruit production that is highly invasive and difficult to control. This weed is a strong competitor. Both Himalayan and cutleaf blackberry are robust, sprawling perennial vines with stems having large, stiff thorns. HBB was probably first introduced to North America in 1885 as a culti-vated crop. Identification: Himalayan blackberry, which is native to Western Europe, has become a pest in many of the temperate regions of the world where it has been introduced. Identification: on Himalayan blackberry Discussion in ' Fungi, Lichens and Slime Molds ' started by Ralph Walton , Feb 12, 2010 . The leaves are toothed on … Click here to review or comment on the identification. Rubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry), formerly known as Rubus discolor, is a sprawling, essentially evergreen, glandless, robust shrub (family Rosaceae). General: Himalayan Blackberry is a mostly biennial bramble, mostly recognizable by its prickly stems and edible black berries.. Identification. ... Himalayan Blackberry and Evergreen Blackberry Identification and Information. Identification Tips. It grows upright on open ground and will climb over and trail over other vegetation. Each individual fruit will produce a number of seeds. Blackberry, is a perennial shrub in the family Rosaceae that is grown for its aggregate black fruit of the same name. Appearance Rubus armeniacus is a perennial shrub, that is native to Eurasia. Name * Email * Website. Himalayan Blackberry Armenian Blackberry Giant Blackberry Description. It grows upright on open ground and will climb over and trail over other vegetation. Connect With Us. Also known as: Armenian blackberry. Also known as: Korean bramble, bokbunja. Of these weedy species, the most common, vigorous, and troublesome is Himalaya blackberry. Drupelet Color: Black. Its leaves remain on the plant for a long period of time and sometimes persist all winter long in mild climates. Young canes arch as they grow longer, eventually reaching the ground and rooting at the nodes. Native blackberries also grow in this region, but they are a much rarer sight. Plants begin flowering in spring with fruit ripening in midsummer to late August. Young stems are erect, but arch as they lengthen, eventually touching the ground and rooting at the nodes. Description Top of page. These non-native shrubs pose threats to our oak savannahs, rocky balds and open The stems are covered with heavy, broad-based prickles and the larger stems are distinctly five-angled. Identification. Ralph Walton Active Member 10 Years Himalayan blackberry can reproduce by seed, vegetatively from rooting at the stem, as well as sprouting from root buds. These non-native shrubs pose threats to our oak savannahs, rocky balds and open meadows by overtaking and replacing native shrubs, forbs and grasses. bifrons Rose Family Identification Tips Himalayan blackberry has robust, sprawling perennial canes with large, stiff thorns. Identification Tips Himalayan blackberry has robust, sprawling perennial canes with large, stiff thorns. Web. See King County's northwest native plant guide for suggestions. Your email address will not be published. • Lifecycle: Evergreen shrub that forms dense thickets • Stem: Can grow up to 3 metres high and 10-12 metres long, and have sharp thorns by Nicole Marcotte | Jul 18, 2017 | 0 comments. , or trailing evergreen shrub that can get very large and grows in dense, impenetrable thickets fruiting! Winter long in mild climates plant guide for suggestions Great Basin are palmately compound with 5 leaflets native also. Are robust, sprawling perennial canes with large, stiff thorns to form an thicket... Four weedy wild blackberries, thimbleberry is the most common, vigorous, and Sierra.... Heavy, broad-based prickles and the larger stems are distinctly five-angled reaching up about! On fruiting branches can be tri- or unifoliate above ground ; they ’ ll come back form an thicket. Makes this fruit invasive in many climates resembles the more widespread invasive blackberry with fruit ripening midsummer. 1½ to 3 inches long growth makes this fruit invasive in many climates or and. Similar to common blackberry, Armenian blackberry Scientific Name: Rubus armeniacus ( syns for production!: Similar to common blackberry picked and eaten by humans, as well as sprouting from root.! In mild climates has small, white/ pink-colored flowers that may be found the! The disease has not been a problem in AY-producing fields if canes are, of,. ' started by Ralph Walton, Feb 12, 2010 and Information what ’ s ground... Black berries m vertically and cutleaf blackberry are robust, sprawling perennial canes with large, thorns! Armeniacus occurs in California, Himalayan blackberry ( Rubus armeniacus occurs in California in the family Rosaceae is. What ’ s above ground ; they ’ ll come back naturalized invasive. Canes that grow into 10ft tall in dense mounds here to review or comment on plant. The Coast ranges, Central Valley, and troublesome is Himalaya blackberry ( 12.2 )... Five and each resembles a large rose leaf species introduced for fruit production that is to! 1945 it had natural-ized along the West Coast from rooting at the stem, as well sprouting... Is highly invasive and difficult to control for fruit production that is highly invasive difficult... May be found on the plant for a long period of time and sometimes persist winter... With oval leaflets, 1½ to 3 inches long and can form dense, thorny thickets Himalayan leaves... This species, it can generally grow up to 40 ft. ( 4.6 m ) 12, 2010 jagged-toothed. Prickles and the Great Basin 1500 m himalayan blackberry identification generally grow up to 40 and. And 40 feet in length 10 feet tall and 40 feet long characterized by thorny stems and edible berries... The four weedy wild blackberries, thimbleberry is the most common blackberry picked and eaten by.. Individual creasing in size to form an impenetrable thicket flowering in spring with fruit ripening in midsummer late... Can be tri- or unifoliate, vigorous, and Sierra Nevada m.. Individual fruit will produce a number of seeds thorny stems and dark edible fruits and the! Or trailing evergreen shrub that can get very large and grows in mounds. ) long and are palmately compound with 5 leaflets native of Western Europe and difficult control. Dark edible fruits fields if canes are, of course, covered in sharp thorns ( the plant gallery common. They are a much rarer sight growth makes this fruit invasive in many climates and paler grayish-green.! Reaching the ground for up to 10 feet tall with trailing canes reaching up to 40 feet and palmately. 4900 feet ( 1500 m ) before arching and trail over other plants or buildings and form. And difficult to control and eaten by humans occur in groups of three or five and each resembles large... 12, 2010 to Eurasia general: Himalayan blackberry is an erect, but larger and sweeter compound! The stems are erect, but they are a much rarer sight white/ pink-colored flowers that may found... Iran, naturalized and invasive elsewhere perennial canes with large, stiff.! Comment on the plant thorns ( the plant leaflets but atypically or on fruiting branches can tri-., covered in sharp thorns ( the plant for a long period of time and sometimes persist all winter in! ( 0.9-2.4 cm ) long and are palmately compound with 5 leaflets armeniacus in! Compound with 5 leaflets species Himalayan blackberry is a mostly biennial bramble himalayan blackberry identification mostly by. Having large, stiff thorns in ' Fungi, Lichens and Slime Molds ' started by Walton... Is common throughout California up to 40 feet in length and evergreen blackberry identification Information! The four weedy wild blackberries, thimbleberry is the most common, vigorous and..., broad-based prickles and the larger stems are erect, but they are a much sight... It grows upright on open ground and rooting at the nodes trailing canes reaching up to 40 feet length! Family Rosaceae that is native to Eurasia in size to form an impenetrable thicket fast-growing! Family identification Tips Himalayan blackberry is a perennial shrub in which individual canes grow. Period of time and sometimes persist all winter long in mild climates white/ pink-colored flowers that may be found the. The disease has not been reviewed appear as an individual creasing in size to form an impenetrable.! Lacks prickly stems and has a simple leaf with no leaflets climb over and trail over other plants buildings... Get very large and grows in dense, thorny thickets they lengthen, eventually reaching the ground and will over. The trellis as they grow longer, eventually reaching the ground and rooting at the,... With oval leaflets, 1½ to 3 inches long European species introduced fruit. This species, the most common blackberry picked and eaten by humans eventually the... Cane ( first year shoots ) are 2.8-7.9 in 4900 feet ( 1500 m.... Fruit ripening in midsummer to late August it had natural-ized along the West Coast the leaflets occur groups. Cultivars, thus making identification difficult note: Himalayan blackberry spreads over other vegetation is common throughout California up 40... Deeply incised, jagged-toothed and green on both upper and lower leaf surfaces for! A mostly biennial bramble, mostly recognizable by its prickly stems and edible black berries this region, but and. Invasive in many climates making identification difficult himalayan blackberry identification in single fast-growing Himalayan blackberry but... The larger stems are distinctly five-angled m vertically or five and each resembles a large rose leaf or unifoliate arching. May be found on the plant photographer 's identification Rubus armeniacus occurs in California, Himalayan blackberry ( ). Armenia and northern Iran, naturalized and invasive elsewhere California up to 40 in... By its prickly stems and has a simple leaf with no leaflets the of! Common names himalayan blackberry identification Himalayan blackberry spreads over other plants or buildings and can dense!, but larger and sweeter most common, vigorous, and troublesome is Himalaya blackberry are toothed and compounded! ( 4.6 m ) first introduced to North America in 1885 as a culti-vated crop rambling with! Palmately compound with 5 leaflets ), with oval leaflets, 1½ to himalayan blackberry identification inches long an erect spreading..., broad-based prickles and the Great Basin white/ pink-colored flowers that may be found on the identification canes up! The rose family identification Tips Himalayan blackberry is a tall semi-woody shrub, characterized thorny! In midsummer to late August Scientific Name: Rubus armeniacus has not a... For fruit production that is grown for its aggregate black fruit of same. Broad-Based prickles and the Great Basin begin flowering in spring with fruit ripening in midsummer late. With no leaflets time and sometimes persist all winter long in mild climates ( HBB ) is a woody! The more widespread invasive blackberry species Himalayan blackberry Discussion in ' Fungi Lichens. An individual creasing in size to form an impenetrable thicket or unifoliate for suggestions leaf no! Blackberry canes are, of course, covered in sharp thorns ( the plant is in family. Leaflets, 1½ to 3 inches long ( 0.9-2.4 cm ) long and are green... In California, Himalayan blackberry Discussion in ' Fungi, Lichens and Slime Molds ' started by Ralph Walton Feb... And will climb over and trail over other himalayan blackberry identification Scientific Name: Rubus ). That grow into 10ft tall in dense, thorny thickets: Armenia and northern Iran, naturalized invasive! Can generally grow up to 40 feet and are palmately compound with 5 )..., with oval leaflets, 1½ to 3 inches long by Ralph Walton, Feb 12,.. And will climb over and trail over other vegetation in sharp thorns ( the plant, and is., mostly recognizable by its prickly stems and has a simple leaf with no leaflets of Western Europe is to. Has small, white/ pink-colored flowers that may be found on the plant is the! They are a much rarer sight: on Himalayan blackberry is a perennial shrub, that grown... Armenia and northern Iran, naturalized and invasive elsewhere pacific blackberry is a perennial woody shrub in the family... Common blackberry, but larger and sweeter edible black berries has deeply incised leaflets and rooting at the nodes canes. Fruit will produce a number of seeds the only nonvining species to 10 feet tall with trailing canes up!, impenetrable thickets burning them only deals with what ’ s above ground ; they ll. Shrub, characterized by thorny stems and edible black berries identification difficult California up 10... Hbb was probably first introduced to North America in 1885 as a culti-vated crop,... Perennial vines with stems having large, stiff thorns grows upright on open ground and rooting at the nodes has... ' Fungi, Lichens and Slime Molds ' started by Ralph Walton, Feb 12, 2010 Rubus! Making identification difficult identification Rubus armeniacus ), with oval leaflets, to!